Garmin eTrex 10 Settings & How-To Guide

Posted On 2. March 2016

Garmin eTrex 10: Overview Setup Pages


Satellite System

Choose “GPS + GLONASS“, “GPS” only to get more battery life.



For outdoor activities you usually do not need WAAS/EGNOS signal corrections (WAAS is only available in North America, EGNOS in Europe). WAAS/EGNOS can provide a better accuracy in certain situations and is recommended for pilots and mariners.

BUT: Activate it, if your preference is “Enable all and hope the best!” (= GPS / GLONASS / WAAS / EGNOS).



Your choice!


Battery Type

Depends on your preferred battery type:

  • Alkaline (not recommended)
  • Lithium (recommended for cold environments and long run-times), e.g. Energizer AA Ultimate
  • Rechargeable NiMH (highly recommended, for daily use): e.g. Panasonic Eneloop AA BK-3MCCE

USB Mode

Garmin” is recommended:

  • The gps device is supplied with energy when connecting to an external power source (e.g. AC charger).
  • Connecting the handheld to a PC you get the screen “USB Cable Detected. Would you like to go to Mass Storage?“. “Yes“: Activiting the mass storage, you get access to the file system and can copy data or install maps (e.g. with Garmin BaseCamp); “No“: Device is powered by the external source. “Mass Storage“: Mass storage is activated immediately when connecting to a PC.
Screenshots (left to right): “Satellite System” and “WAAS/EGNOS“, different settings

  • GPS (WAAS/EGNOS off) Satellites: 02 – 30 GPS
  • GPS & GLONASS (WAAS/EGNOS off) Satellites: 02 – 30 GPS, 69 – 85 GLONASS
  • GPS & GLONASS & WAAS/EGNOS Satellites: 02 – 30 GPS, 36 EGNOS, 69 – 85 GLONASS; “D”: device receives and calculates EGNOS signal corrections
eTrex 10 GPS

Garmin eTrex 10: Display

eTrex 10 Display

Backlight Timeout

Turns the backlight off after a given time. Choose a timeout as short as possible for battery saving, timeout depends on your activity and profile.


Adjust Contrast

Your choice!

Garmin eTrex 10: Map

eTrex 10 map


Map orientation on the display, depending on your activity (and profile):

  • North Up: North is always at the top of the display / page, independent of the device orientation (e.g. recommended for hiking without active navigation).
  • Track Up: Direction of travel is always at the top of the page (recommended for active navigation and / or activities like cycling)
  • Automotive Mode: Three dimensional look, direction of travel is always at the top of the page (recommended for automotive use)

Data Fields

Choose between different informations (data fields, dashboards) on top of the map. Depending on your activity and preferences, e.g. “Dashboard > Geocaching” for geocaching. Our preference is “Custom“: “When Navigating > 4 small“, “When Not Navigating > 0” (while navigating you have four data fields as an overlay; when not navigating the map is not covered by data fields).


Advanced Map Setup

  • Auto Zoom: Turn off (except for car driving)
  • User Waypoint Zoom Level: “Auto” is normally fine
  • User Waypoint Text Size: Use “Small” or “Medium“, “Large” is usually too much.

Marine Colors

Off” for most outdoor activities (“On” sets the ocean color in the basemap to a lighter color)

Garmin eTrex 10: Tracks

eTrex 10 Tracks

Track Log

  • Do Not Record: Setting when you do not need a track log.
  • Record, Do Not Show: Starts the track log, but the log is not visible on the map.
  • Record, Show On Map: Starts the track log, track is visible on the map. Recommended settings for your outdoor activities (Tip: At the start point, always reset the track and trip data; see next topic).

Record Method

Recommendation: “Auto” (good choice for most outdoor activities), “Distance” is recommended for hiking, “Time” when using the device as a data logger for geotagging.


Recording Interval

Settings for the track log recording interval depending on the “Record Method“, the combination “Auto / Normal” is sufficent, for hiking e.g. “Distance / 10 m / 0.01 mi

Garmin eTrex 10: Reset

eTrex 10 Reset

Reset Trip Data

Deleting all data from the current trip, e.g. like “trip odometer, ascent total” (but not the “odometer” = all recorded distance by the device). Should be done before starting a new trip.


Delete All Waypoints

Deletes all waypoints stored on the device.


Clear Current Track

Clears the actual track (active log). Should be done before starting a new trip.


Reset All Settings

Reset all settings (restores the gps device to factory default settings).

Garmin eTrex 10: Page Sequence

eTrex 10 Page Sequence

Page Sequence

Customize your main menu by adding, removing pages or changing the page order (main menu = you can scroll trough this menu by pressing the “BACK” key). You have three choices for customizing:

  • Use the item “Add Page
  • Click on an item with the thumbstick
  • Press the “MENU” key

Tip: Keep it simple! Add the pages you really need!

Garmin eTrex 10: Units

eTrex 10 Units

Distance and Speed

Your choice!



Your choice!

Garmin eTrex 10: Time

eTrex 10 Units

Time Format

Choose between “12-Hour” or “24-Hour” format


Time Zone

Automatic” is recommended

Garmin eTrex 10: Position Format

eTrex 10 Format

Position Format

Format for coordinates. For geocaching and marine use “hddd°mm.mmm’“, otherwise “UTM UPS


Map Datum

WGS 84”, except for working with paper maps (choose the same format as the paper map)


Map Spheroid

WGS 84”, except for working with paper maps (choose the same format as the paper map)

Garmin eTrex 10: Heading

eTrex 10 heading


Directional Letters” or “Numeric Degrees” are the best choices for many outdoor activities (“Mils” for special use cases)


North Reference

Only relevant when navigating with compass and paper map (use the standard “True“)


Go To Line (Pointer)

Use “Bearing” as standard, “Course (CDI)” e.g. for sea kayaking

Garmin eTrex 10: Geocaches

eTrex 10 Geocaching

Geocache List

Preferably choose “Show Names” over “Show GC Codes” (e.g. “Welcome to Bavaria” instead of “GC2NJG9“)


Found Geocaches

Number of found geocaches (automatically added, but you can manually edit the number by entering the menu item with the thumbstick)


Filter Setup

Define filters for geocaches, e.g. for traditional geocaches

Garmin eTrex 10: Routing

eTrex 10 Routing

Off Road Transitions

Auto” is normally fine

  • Auto“: automatic transition to the next point of a multipoint route
  • Manual“: manual transition to the next point of a multipoint route
  • Distance“: when you are within the entered distance the device leads you to the next waypoint of a multipoint route

Garmin eTrex 10: Profiles

eTrex 10 Profiles

Create Profile

Creating / Deleting / Naming / Moving profiles:

  • Recommendation: Leave the Garmin default profiles as is and create your own profiles.
  • How-to: Activate a default Garmin profile (e.g. “Geocaching“, function “Profile Change” in the main menu), go to “Setup > Profiles > Create Profile“, your new profile has the same settings as the previously activated “Geocaching” profile, then you can rename and tweak the new profile as you like.

Garmin eTrex 10: About

eTrex 10 About


Software version, unit ID, licence informations

Garmin eTrex 10: Main Menu

eTrex 10 main menu

Main Menu

Go to the “Main Menu” page, press the “MENU” key and by using the “Change Item Order” function you can customize the main menu (change the order, remove or add items/pages). Tip: Keep it simple, remove all items you do not need for the active profile!

Written by Joachim Bardua